Fifty Years of Inuvik History

Inuvik In Pictures includes nearly 200 photos and illustrations, with captions describing the town's birth and growth over the past half-century. The photos were selected from thousands of pictures in collections across the country.

Inuvik: A History is a readable and comprehensive account of the decision to establish a new town on the Mackenzie Delta, Inuvik's planning and construction, and the development over the past 50 years of its educational, social, political and business organizations.

Table of Contents of Inuvik: A History
Foreword … 3
Introduction … 9
1. Mackenzie Delta Setting … 13
Historical Background … 13
Geography … 14
Climate … 15
Permafrost … 17
Vegetation … 18
Wildlife … 18
2. Beginnings, 1950–1955 … 23
Expansion Limitations … 23
External Influences … 25
A Decision is Made … 26
Consultations With Residents … 34
3. Construction, 1956-1963 … 43
Northern Workforce … 43
Local Supplies and Suppliers … 46
The Original Site Plan … 47
Site Preparations at East Three … 50
Utilities … 54
Construction of Buildings … 57
Contractors and Suppliers … 58
Homes and Offices … 59
Community Life … 61
Building the Igloo Church … 63
Military, Police & Other Government Activities … 70
Research Activities … 73
“East 3” becomes “Inuvik” … 75
The town’s dedication … 76
4. Adjustment, 1964-1970 … 83
Lack of Local Control … 84
The Move to Local Government … 85
A Centre for Arctic Research … 88
Petroleum Exploration … 93
A Growing Local Business Sector … 96
Transportation … 97
Community Activities … 99
Territorial Experimental Ski Training (TEST) … 106
Fire and Ice … 108
5. Resource Support, 1971-1982 … 115
Resource Potential … 115
Inuvik’s Preparations for Petroleum Exploration … 116
Exploration Activities … 117
Environmental and Social Issues … 119
Mackenzie Valley Gas Pipeline Proposals … 124
Native Land Claims … 126
The Dempster Highway & the Growth of Tourism … 127
Inuvik Media … 129
Miscellaneous Activities … 130
6. Local Control 1983-1992 … 135
Land Claims … 135
The Closure of CFS Inuvik … 138
Petroleum Exploration … 139
Tourism and Parks … 141
Community & Cultural Activities … 141
7. Consolidation 1993-2008 … 147
Northern Government … 147
Parks and Tourism … 148
Notable Visitors … 149
Major Construction Projects … 149
A Changing Business Community … 152
The Petroleum Industry Returns … 153
8. Retrospect: 50 Years … 157
Four Goals for Inuvik … 157
Ten Community Strengths … 158
National Northern Objectives … 161
Inuvik Through Southern Eyes … 163
A Natural Community … 165
The Miracle of Inuvik … 170
Concluding Reflections … 170
Acknowledgments … 172
Appendices
A. Diefenbaker’s 1961 Dedication Speech … 175
B. Town Council Members, 1970 – 2007 … 179
C. Community Leaders, 1958 – 2008 … 185
D. Some Notable Residents, 1958 – 2008 … 195
E. Influential Officials … 209
F. Inuvik Street Names … 211
G. Inuvik Humour … 213
H. Inuvik Acronyms … 215
I. References & Bibliography … 217